*Specifically, psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) may progress undiagnosed for approximately 10 years from psoriasis onset, and may even precede it.2
In ankylosing spondylitis (AS), diagnostic delays of 8 years and longer have been reported.3
Nearly one-third (29%) of patients with psoriasis had undiagnosed PsA in a dermatology clinic study.4
Diagnostic delays of 8 years and longer have been reported.3
Chronic inflammatory lower back pain plus:
ASAS=Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society; EULAR=European League Against Rheumatism; HLA=human leukocyte antigen; MRI=magnetic resonance imaging.
References: 1. Martindale J, Goodacre L. The journey to diagnosis in AS/axial SpA: the impact of delay. Musculoskeletal Care. 2014;12(4):221-231. 2. Gladman DD, Antoni C, Mease P, Clegg DO, Nash P. Psoriatic arthritis: epidemiology, clinical features, course, and outcome. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005;64(suppl 2):ii14-ii17. 3. Feldtkeller E, Khan MA, van der Heijde D, van der Linden S, Braun J. Age at disease onset and diagnosis delay in HLA-B27 negative vs. positive patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Rheumatol Int. 2003;23(2):61-66. 4. Haroon M, Kirby B, FitzGerald O. High prevalence of psoriatic arthritis in patients with severe psoriasis with suboptimal performance of screening questionnaires. Ann Rheum Dis. 2013;72(5):736-740. 5. Rudwaleit M, Khan MA, Sieper J. The challenge of diagnosis and classification in early ankylosing spondylitis: do we need new criteria? Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52(4):1000-1008. 6. Rudwaleit M, van der Heijde D, Landewé R, et al. The development of Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis (part II): validation and final selection. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009;68(6):777-783. 7. Mandl P, Navarro-Compán V, Terslev L, et al. EULAR recommendations for the use of imaging in the diagnosis and management of spondyloarthritis in clinical practice. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015;74(7):1327-1339. 8. Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society. Ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score calculator. Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society website. http://www.asas-group.org/clinical-instruments/asdas_calculator/asdas.html. Updated July 6, 2015. Accessed September 17, 2015.